WOMENS HEALTH

Prevalence of dysmenorrhea amongst reproductive age group in Saudi Ladies | BMC Ladies’s Well being

Desk 1 exhibits the demographic traits of 1199 girls recruited within the research in response to inclusion standards. The imply age of ladies noticed was 27.49 years, with a imply age of 12.76 years menarche. Regarding previous medical historical past and psychological sickness; 870 (72.6%) sufferers had not any previous medical historical past, whereas 32 (2.7%) had irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), 35 (2.9%) had melancholy, and 81 (6.8%) had a couple of medical or psychological sickness (Desk 2).

Desk 1 Demographic profile of sufferers (n = 1199)
Desk 2 Previous medical historical past and psychological sickness of sufferers

Desk 3 exhibits a descriptive evaluation of the menstrual cycle, regularity, and sort of dysmenorrhea. In response to it, 296 (24.7%) girls had irregular menstrual cycles, and 103 (8.6%) had lower than 21 days of the menstrual cycle, and 76 (6.3%) had irregular bleeding. Nearly all of them, 979 (81.7%), had the period of the menstrual stream between 3 and seven days. Round 92 (7.7%) girls had pathological dysmenorrhea.

Desk 3 Descriptive evaluation of menstrual cycle, regularity, and sort of dysmenorrhea

Desk 4 depicts the evaluation of the classification of dysmenorrhea ache, remedy and related signs. Round 170 (14.2%) sufferers had extreme ache. Nearly all of girls, 1086 (88.4%), skilled ache within the decrease stomach, and the bulk, 808 (67.4%), had ache for greater than 3 days. For relieving ache, solely 55 (4.6%) sufferers used NSAIDs solely, and 747 (62.3%) sufferers used a couple of analgesic or different various therapies used for relieving menstrual cramps. Contemplating the doable signs related to dysmenorrhea, belly bloating is the most typical single symptom that was noticed amongst 35 (2.9%) girls with dysmenorrhea, whereas, majority of them, 926 (77.2%), had a couple of doable symptom related to dysmenorrhea (Desk 4).

Desk 4 Descriptive evaluation of classification of dysmenorrhea ache, remedy and related signs

Desk 5 shows the distribution of dysmenorrhea limitation, tutorial efficiency, train and food plan throughout menstruation. The completely different stress stage was discovered throughout menstruation, the place the bulk, 614 (51.2%) of the ladies, often had stress. Concerning limitation throughout menstruation, 161 (13.4%) girls with dysmenorrhea reported to have a bodily limitation, and 543 (45.3%) reported to have a couple of limitation. Likewise, 122 (10.2%) reported dysmenorrhea affecting their focus facet of educational efficiency, and 462 (38.5%) sufferers had a couple of issue affecting their tutorial efficiency. Round greater than 512 (42.7%) girls reported modifications in sleeping routine. Moreover, 268 (22.4%) carried out a couple of train throughout one train, and 260 (21.7%) reported train to scale back interval ache. In reference to food plan, 745 (62.1%) had all sorts of food plan in the course of the interval.

Desk 5 Distribution of dysmenorrhea limitation, tutorial efficiency, train and food plan throughout menstruation

Desk 6 exhibits no statistically important affiliation amongst age, marital standing, diabetes mellitus, IBS, Schizophrenia, and OCD with main and secondary dysmenorrhea. Nonetheless, most 775 (70%) girls with age lower than 30 years and nearly all of the only girls, 729 (65.9%), had main dysmenorrhea. Round 55 (59.8%) girls who had irregular menstrual cycles had considerably secondary dysmenorrhea (P < 0.001). Equally, there was a major affiliation between the menstrual cycle period within the final 12 months and first and secondary dysmenorrhea (P < 0.001). Right here, 11 (12.0%) girls with lower than 21 days cycle had secondary dysmenorrhea in comparison with 92 (8.3%) girls with lower than 21 days cycle with main dysmenorrhea. Likewise, period of the menstruation stream was considerably related to the kind of dysmenorrhea, have been amongst girls with greater than 7 days cycle, 103 (9.3%) had main and 19 (20.7%) had secondary dysmenorrhea (P = 0.002). Furthermore, round 801 (72.4%) girls with main and 52 (56.5%) with secondary dysmenorrhea considerably used 3–5 pads per day (P = 0.004).

Desk 6 Impression and Affiliation between dysmenorrhea and scientific and demographic traits of sufferers

Desk 7 exhibits a statistically important affiliation between the depth of ache and first and secondary dysmenorrhea (P = 0.006). The place majority of 539 (48.7%) girls with main dysmenorrhea had delicate and 32 (34.8%) with secondary dysmenorrhea had reasonable ache. Furthermore, no important affiliation was demonstrated between the kind of dysmenorrhea and ache localisation, period and interval of ache, and use of NSAIDs or paracetamols. Whereas, majority of the ladies with each sorts considerably didn’t use various therapies (scorching pack) to alleviate menstrual cramps (P = 0.013). There was no statistically important affiliation between dysmenorrhea and related signs, limitation and affected tutorial efficiency (Desk 8).

Desk 7 Impression and Affiliation between dysmenorrhea and depth of ache and its administration
Desk 8 Impression and Affiliation between dysmenorrhea and related signs, limitation and effected tutorial efficiency

There was a statistically important affiliation between dysmenorrhea kind and dietary habits, train and high quality of life, as proven in Desk 9. There was a statistically important affiliation between train throughout menstruation and first and secondary dysmenorrhea (P = 0.001). It’s proven that 1105 (99.8%) sufferers from main and 90 (97.8%) secondary dysmenorrhea didn’t use bikes, respectively.

Desk 9 Impression and affiliation between dysmenorrhea and dietary habits, train and high quality of life

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